The site of Vostok Station is a fascinating one. A decaying russian research base that rests above Antarctica's largest subglacial lake, separated by 4 vertical kilometers of ice. Not only does the site happen to have the coldest recorded temperature in history -89 Degrees C (-128 F) and be considered the driest place on earth, the lake itself has been sealed off from the external environment for millions of years, which means that if any life still exists in the lake, it has evolved separately to anything on earth today. Scientists what to know lurks in the depths, NASA does too, so to do so there are currently 2 ice-core drills that burrow deep into the ice sheet above the lake in an attempt to break through the surface.
All things considered Vostok Station is a prime research ground in all respects for testing colonisation and design for life on other planets.
Interesting note: Since this project was completed. Scientists have successfully bored several holes into the lake and determined through that the lake is teeming with 3500+ species.
Inuit natives have developed building techniques over thousands of years in order to survive and thrive in the unforgiving wilderness of the polar arctic. Any well designed research station in a similar environment will benefit from learning the secrets of inuit survival and adapting them for their required use.
SMELL: Scent (materials) - cedar panelling to mitigate sensory deprivation in Haley VI - herbs in hydroponics farm (basil, mint, etc)
SOUND: Sound beacon to allow researchers to find base in poor visibility.
SIGHT: Natural light, aurora, colour, contrast in low visibility
TASTE: Hydroponics, food supplies, cooking facilities, chef (creative food)
TOUCH: Materials (carpet, wood), conductive heating, varying temperature profiles, dynamic spaces